Black pepper, (Piper nigrum), also called pepper, perennial climbing vine of the family Piperaceae and the hotly pungent spice made from its fruits. Black pepper is native to the Malabar Coast of India and is one of the earliest spices known. . It is a good source of several nutritional minerals like calcium, iron, manganese, zinc, chromium and potassium. It also have a fair share of vitamins like vitamin A and C.